Bootstrap 3 vs 4 vs 5: Which to Choose?


Bootstrap is a free and open-source CSS framework aimed at responsive, mobile-first front-end web development. It includes HTML, CSS, and (optionally) JavaScript-based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, navigation, and other interface components.  All HTML elements in Bootstrap have basic style definitions. As a result, prose, tables, and form elements appear consistently across web browsers. Furthermore, developers can use CSS classes defined in Bootstrap to further customize the appearance of their content.  

The layout components of Bootstrap are the most visible because they affect the entire web page. Because every other element on the page is placed in it, the basic layout component is called a “Container.” Developers have the option of using a fixed-width container or a fluid-width container.

The latest version of Bootstrap is 5.2.2 but it’s backward compatible.  As with previous versions, version 3 and version 4 are still supported for critical bug fixes but no longer add more functionalities.  Bootstrap version 3 is the most stable version.  Bootstrap version 4 is a newer version with a faster stylesheet and more responsiveness.  And Bootstrap version 5 is the newest version but JQuery is replaced with vanilla JavaScript.

Technically, Bootstrap has 3 major versions running, and developers and designers can use the latest version 5 or the old version 3 (still supported critical bug fixes) or stick to the middle ground version 4.  So the questions must be asked:  Which version to choose and why?


WordPress 6.1 “Misha”


On November 1, 2022, WordPress 6.1 code name “Misha” was released.  It is named after Soviet-Norwegian Jazz pianist Mikhail “Misha” Alperin.  According to WordPress, this is the third major release of 2022, it is known as the “Gutenberg project.” There is a growing interest in headless content management systems (CMSs), including those from, Magnolia, Agility CMS, Contentful, Butter CMS, Contentstack, Netlify, Strapi, and others. The website builders like Wix and Squarespace also have gained a lot of traction in recent years. So, the importance of ensuring WordPress stays relevant and competitive in today’s market. The larger ambition involves revolutionizing how all websites are built in the future, which is supported by the fact that WordPress powers more than a third of all websites.

This WordPress 6.1 contains basically five updates within this release.  Additional changes and enhancements to the editor provide site owners greater power and make customization simpler while providing users with a more seamless experience. The new version contains a lot of writing-related changes because, in order to give the voiceless a voice, attention must be paid to the copywriters.  The improved ability to pick only a portion of a block’s paragraphs, the option to keep the list view open by default, and the keyboard shortcut to add internal links expanded to all blocks are some of my favorite improvements.